Types of vaginal infections and treatment methods
You may have vaginal infections and it is important to see a gynecologist for treatment. Take this seriously, otherwise, you may experience complications such as fallopian tubes or even infertility.
The main cause of vaginal infection
Bacteria called lactobacilli naturally prevent vaginal infections. There are millions of these bacteria in every drop of vaginal discharge, and these microscopic organisms cover 80 percent of the vaginal tissue. Lactobacilli form biological and protective layers on the vaginal mucosa and prevent other microbes and bacteria from penetrating it. They even have secretions if necessary that kill other bacteria. In other words, they have a disinfecting role. But unfortunately, all of this goes on until the pH balance is upset.
Sometimes due to taking certain medications or certain diseases such as diabetes or thyroid disorders or an immune system defect or factors that increase estrogen, such as taking birth control pills or even getting pregnant, over-washing the vagina, or using inappropriate detergents. Either wearing too-tight pants or nylon underwear upsets the pH balance of the vagina. When the acidity of the vagina changes, harmful and pathogenic bacteria and fungi quickly replace the lactobacilli and we get a vaginal infection.
More common types of vaginal infections and treatment of infections
1- Vaginal infection caused by Candida albicans and ways of treatment
Candida albicans is the cause of 80% of vaginal infections, and three-quarters of women usually develop an infection with the fungus during their lifetime. Although this fungus does not threaten a person’s health, the symptoms it causes are unpleasant. For example, an infected person may experience milky discharge, itching, and burning of the vagina and may feel pain during intercourse. For treatment, your doctor will prescribe topical antifungal drugs (in the form of capsules or suppositories) that should be inserted into the vagina before going to bed.
At your doctor’s discretion, you may need to use neutral, alkaline soaps for daily washing to reduce vaginal acidity. But do not rinse the inside of the vagina as much as possible, as this will damage the vaginal tissue. A woman with an infection caused by the fungus Candida albicans can easily continue her marital relationship because the fungus is not sexually transmitted.
2 – Vaginal infection caused by Gardenela vaginalis and treatment methods
Despite the treatment of Candida albicans infection, there is always the possibility of recurrence, and 5% of women regularly struggle with this problem throughout the year and have to resume treatment regularly. This sometimes causes other bacteria and microorganisms to implant in the vagina, such as the bacterium Gardnerella vaginalis.
About one-fifth of women become infected with the bacterium. The symptoms of this type of infection are almost the same as the previous infection. Gray discharge with an unpleasant odor, which intensifies with the establishment of marital relations and chemical interactions of the discharge with the sperm.
Fortunately, with oral and vaginal antibiotics, the infection goes away quickly. However, to speed recovery and prevent recurrence of the infection, women are usually advised to increase their intake of probiotic products.
3- Vaginal infection caused by Trichomonas vaginalis parasite and ways of treatment
Sometimes a vaginal infection is caused by being infected with the Trichomonas vaginalis parasite, which is transmitted through close contact with the opposite sex. In these cases, a simple vaginal infection may quickly turn into a cervical infection and cause infertility. The infection is asymptomatic in about half of the cases, but the woman may notice an odorless but mostly yellow or green discharge, itching inside or outside the vagina, pain during intercourse, or pain in the abdomen or urinary incontinence.
Therefore, it is recommended that you see your doctor immediately, even if you notice any of these symptoms so that the problem can be diagnosed and treatment can begin. In 85 to 90% of cases, antibiotics help to completely cure this type of infection.
4- Vaginal infection caused by Chlamydia bacteria and ways of treatment
Another type of vaginal infection is caused by infection with the chlamydia bacterium. This type of sexually transmitted infection has no specific symptoms and, like other infections, causes burning, itching and pain. This type of infection, if not taken seriously, is usually diagnosed when the person suffers severe pain due to the adhesion of the fallopian tubes. Tubal adhesions are one of the causes of ectopic pregnancies and in 3% of cases infertility. To treat this type of infection, in addition to using a condom while having sex, antibiotics are also prescribed.
In the case of sexually transmitted infections, both couples need to be treated so that the infection is completely eradicated and does not recur.