Types of vitamin A and the symptoms of vitamin A deficiency in children?

Types of vitamin A and the symptoms of vitamin A deficiency in children? – Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin that has sufficient levels of it. For many essential bodily functions including good eyesight, strong immune system, reproduction and skin health. Vitamin A deficiency in children can cause symptoms and problems. In this article, the most important symptoms of vitamin A deficiency in children are mentioned. And knowing them will help in early detection of this important vitamin deficiency and, consequently, timely treatment.

Types of Vitamin A.

There are two types of vitamin A in our diet: Vitamin A and Provitamin A.

Preformed vitamin A, also known as retinol. Enters our bodies through animal sources and is commonly found in foods such as meat, fish, eggs and dairy products.

Of course, vitamin A is also available through plant sources. This form of vitamin A is called carotenoid, which is a class of provitamin A. Carotenoids in plant foods such as red, green, yellow and orange fruits and vegetables are converted to vitamin A in our body. While a deficiency of vitamins, especially vitamin A, is considered a rare problem in developed countries. Unfortunately, many people in developing countries do not get enough vitamin A and their children develop symptoms of vitamin A deficiency.

Who is at risk for vitamin A deficiency? – symptoms of vitamin A

The most at-risk groups for vitamin A deficiency are pregnant women, breastfeeding mothers, and children. In addition, diseases such as cystic fibrosis and chronic diarrhea may increase the risk of vitamin D deficiency. Deficiency of any kind of vitamin and mineral can be associated with its own unique problems and side effects that threaten people’s health, and vitamin A is no exception to this rule.

What are the symptoms of vitamin A deficiency in children?

Proper attention to the symptoms of vitamin deficiency in children and adolescents alerts us to diseases that may threaten their health. Symptoms of vitamin A deficiency in children include:

1. Dry skin is symptoms of vitamin A

Adequate amounts of vitamin A are very important for the formation of new cells as well as the repair of skin cells. In addition, this vitamin fights inflammation caused by some skin problems and helps to solve this problem. The function of vitamin A in the health of our skin is so important. That insufficient intake and therefore its deficiency may play a role in causing eczema and other skin problems.

Eczema or dermatitis is a disease that causes dryness, itching and redness and inflammation of the skin. Due to the fact that several clinical studies have shown that a prescribed drug containing vitamin A called organic tretinoin is effective in treating eczema. So the above hypothesis that the role of vitamin A deficiency in the development of eczema is strengthened. In a 12-week study, people with chronic eczema were given 10 to 40 milligrams of organic trinvinine per day. And their symptoms evaluated. The results were interesting and impressive! These people reported that their symptoms were reduced by 53% with the use of this drug, which is a significant figure.

Of course, it is important to remember that although dry skin has many causes. Severe dry skin is one of the symptoms of vitamin A deficiency in infants. In short, vitamin A plays an important role in skin repair and helps fight inflammation. Deficiency of this nutrient can lead to inflammatory skin diseases.

2. Dry eyes is symptoms of vitamin A

Eye problems are one of the most well-known symptoms of vitamin A deficiency in children. In severe cases, not getting enough vitamin A can lead to complete blindness or a dying cornea. Which is characterized by symptoms called bitot spots. These spots, which are usually white or gray in the eye, are actually sedimentary lesions caused by the accumulation of creatine on the cornea of ​​the eye.

Dry eye or inability to produce tears is one of the first signs of vitamin A deficiency in children that should be given special attention to avoid more serious stages. Young children in India, Africa and Southeast Asia due to diets Some of them are at risk for vitamin A deficiency, more than others of the same age in other parts of the world.

Despite the seriousness of these problems, fortunately, taking an vitamin A supplement can improve the condition if diagnosed early. One study found that high doses of vitamin A were able to reduce the prevalence of dry eye by up to 63% in infants and children who had been taking the supplement for 16 months.

In summary, vitamin A deficiency can lead to severe eye problems such as dry eye, blindness, or decaying cornea, which are also characterized by bituminous spots. One of the first signs of a vitamin deficiency in most people is the inability to produce tears, which should be taken seriously.

3. Night blindness is symptoms of vitamin A

According to data from numerous and valid studies, severe vitamin A deficiency can lead to night blindness. Several observational studies have reported a high prevalence of night blindness in developing countries. Which confirms this. Given the prevalence of this problem, medical experts emphasize that people at risk for night blindness should definitely try to improve the level of vitamin A in their body.

In a research study, women suffering from night blindness were given vitamin A through food or supplements. The results of this study showed that the ability of these women to adapt to darkness during the six weeks of treatment increased by more than 50%. And therefore it can be concluded that both forms of vitamin A (whether available through food sources or Received through medication supplements), are able to improve night blindness.

In short, getting adequate amounts of vitamin A is critical to eye health. Some of the first symptoms of vitamin A deficiency are dry eyes and night blindness. Which should be treated as soon as they occur so that the work does not lead to more serious problems such as blindness.

4. Infertility and difficulty in fertilization

You may not believe it, but having the right levels of vitamin A is essential for reproduction in men and women, as well as the proper growth of babies. If you have trouble conceiving. It is good to know that vitamin A deficiency may be one of the possible reasons. In fact, the role of this vitamin in successful reproduction is so important that, according to experts. Its deficiency can lead to infertility in both men and women.

With these tips in mind. It can be concluded that men and women who do not get enough vitamin A may suffer from fertility problems. In addition, vitamin A deficiency in mothers can lead to miscarriage or birth defects. Therefore, it is very important that the level of this vitamin in men and women is evaluated before pregnancy. And in case of deficiency, action is taken to eliminate it.

5. Throat and chest infections

Recurrent infections, especially in the throat or chest area. May be a sign of vitamin A deficiency in children. Well, you might think that taking vitamin A supplements might help relieve respiratory infections. But that is not the case, and the results of research in this area are different.

On the other hand, a review of studies in children found that taking vitamin A supplements was not only ineffective. But may increase the risk of throat and chest infections by up to 8%, which is a significant figure. , Increase. Based on these results, the authors of this article suggested that only those who are really deficient should take vitamin A supplements, and this deficiency has been confirmed by laboratory tests.

In addition, high levels of the carotenoid beta-carotene provitamin A may have a protective effect against respiratory infections, according to a study in the elderly. In summary, although it seems that taking vitamin A supplements may protect underweight children from infections, it increases the risk of infection in other groups and therefore should never be taken arbitrarily. They took action. Adults who have high levels of vitamin A in their blood are also much less likely to experience throat and chest infections.

6. Poor wound healing is symptoms of vitamin A

If you are one of those people who are known as “bad wounds” and their wounds do not heal quickly and well after injury or surgery. It is better to think about assessing the level of vitamin A in your body for once. Be careful. Because researchers say poor wound healing may be a sign of vitamin A deficiency in children.

This is because vitamin A helps build collagen. Which is an important component of healthy skin. Research shows that both oral and topical forms of vitamin A can improve and strengthen our skin. A study in mice found that receiving Vitamin A. Orally improves collagen production. Vitamin A was so effective that even mice taking steroids. Which are a serious barrier to wound healing, reaped the benefits and began making collagen.

Additional studies in mice have shown that topical vitamin A intake may be able to prevent diabetes-related ulcers. Fortunately, human research has shown similar results, which is very significant and valuable. Accordingly, one study found that older men who treated their wounds with topical vitamin A had their wounds healed by up to 50 percent more than men. Who did not use the cream. In fact, it can be summed up that taking oral and topical forms of vitamin A can heal wounds, especially in a population whose body is prone to ulcers for any reason, such as diabetes.

7. Pimples and acne are symptoms of vitamin A

Some researchers believe that because vitamin A improves skin condition and fights inflammation. It may help prevent or treat pimples and acne. Several studies have shown that acne is a symptom of vitamin A deficiency in children and adolescents. Accordingly, it seems that taking vitamin A in topical and oral forms may improve and treat acne. Studies show that creams containing vitamin A can reduce the number of acne and pimples by an incredible 50%.

The most well-known form of oral vitamin A used to treat acne is isotretinoin or Accutane. Which has become very popular among young people today. However, it is important to note that although this drug can be very effective in treating acne. It can also cause many side effects, including mood swings in the user and congenital defects in infants whose mothers suffer from this. The drug was used during pregnancy or shortly after.

Now that you know the symptoms of vitamin A deficiency in children. If you see any of them in your loved one. See a specialist to perform additional tests to check the amount of vitamin A in his body, if necessary.

Read Also: Foods that Strengthen the immune system in children?

Questions and answers about the symptoms of vitamin A deficiency in children

What are the first signs of vitamin A deficiency in children?

Adequate amounts of vitamin A are very important for the formation of new cells as well as the repair of skin cells. In addition, this vitamin fights inflammation caused by some skin problems and helps to solve this problem. The function of vitamin A in the health of our skin is so important that insufficient intake and therefore its deficiency may play a role in causing eczema and other skin problems.

What is the most important sign of severe vitamin A deficiency in children?

Eye problems are one of the most well-known symptoms of vitamin A deficiency in children. In severe cases, not getting enough vitamin A can lead to complete blindness or a dying cornea, which is characterized by symptoms called bitot spots. These spots, which are usually white or gray in the eye, are actually sedimentary lesions caused by the accumulation of creatine on the cornea of ​​the eye.

Is infertility related to vitamin A levels?

Yes. You may not believe it, but having the right levels of vitamin A is essential for reproduction in men and women, as well as the proper growth of babies. If you have trouble conceiving, it is good to know that vitamin A deficiency may be one of the possible reasons. In fact, the role of this vitamin in successful reproduction is so important that, according to experts, its deficiency can lead to infertility in both men and women.

Is delayed wound healing related to vitamin A deficiency?

Yes. If you are one of those people who are known for being bad wounds and their wounds do not heal quickly and well after injury or surgery, it is better to think about assessing the level of vitamin A in your body for once, Because poor wound healing, researchers say, may be a sign of vitamin A deficiency in children.

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