What is hypotension or muscle weakness in infants and children
What is hypotension or muscle weakness in infants and children - learnhealthtips.com

What is hypotension or muscle weakness in infants and children?

What is hypotension or muscle weakness in infants and children? – You may have seen children who look unnaturally comfortable and relaxed because their muscles are relaxed. This condition is called hypotension and means a decrease in muscle tone.

Hypotension or muscle weakness in infants. And children are more than a disease. It is a sign and symptom of different problems that depending on the type of these problems, the treatment will be different. Join us in this article to learn more about hypotension or muscle weakness in infants and children.

What is hypotension or muscle weakness in infants and children?

Hypotonia is a term used to describe a decrease in the muscle tone of a person’s body. In fact, if you are careful, the muscles of our body under normal conditions always have a certain amount of stiffness. And tension and are never completely relaxed. But in hypotension, the situation is completely different. And due to lack of muscle tone, infants and children. Who Suffering from this problem, look like a “cloth doll” in the arms of others, as if they are slipping and slipping every moment.

When is hypotension diagnosed?

Hypotension, also known as Floppy Syndrome, is usually diagnosed immediately after birth and in the first few minutes of life during medical examinations, and in some cases, it is possible that this problem is a little Show up later and around 6 months. Of course, hypotension can occur at any age and even in adulthood.

Signs and symptoms of hypotension or muscle weakness in infants and children

The symptoms of hypotension vary widely depending on the underlying cause. And each child may experience these symptoms differently. The most common symptoms associated with hypotension are:

  • Decreased muscle tone,
  • Muscles look soft and pasty,
  • Poor control or lack of proper control of the neck muscles and as a result the inability to control the head and fall forward, backward or sideways,
  • Problems in sucking, chewing, and swallowing due to decreased muscle tone,
  • Abnormal joint flexibility,
  • Inability to maintain balance,
  • Inconsistency of movements,
  • Shallow breathing,
  • Weak and quiet voice and crying children,

In addition, in appearance, the arms and legs of these children are at rest, hanging from the side down and relaxed, rather than bent at the elbows and knees. Another noteworthy thing about hypotension is that children with the condition often experience important developmental milestones. Such as holding their head up without parental support, rolling over, sitting without support, and walking. .. have not achieved or are doing so very late.

Causes of hypotension or muscle weakness in infants and children

Hypotension can occur for a variety of reasons, from central nervous system problems to muscle disorders and genetic and congenital disorders. The following are the most common causes of hypotension or muscle weakness in infants and children:

Cerebral palsy: It is one of the most common brain complications in children that may occur before birth, during childbirth, or during infancy and early life, and in addition to hypotension, serious learning difficulties. Have intelligence, motor development, etc.

  • Bleeding in the brain,
  • Brain damage due to lack of oxygen just before or after birth,
  • Problems with how the brain forms in the uterus,

– Meningitis: Infection and inflammation of the meningeal membrane around the brain and spinal cord.

– Encephalitis: Acute inflammation and infection of brain tissue.

– Achondroplasia: A genetic disorder also known as dwarfism, which leads to short limbs and height, as well as numerous structural and motor problems in patients.

– Spinal muscular atrophy: An autosomal recessive genetic disease characterized by progressive muscle weakness.

– Muscular dystrophy: A group of inherited and genetic disorders, the most important feature of which is damage to the muscles of the body and their gradual weakening.

– Myotonic dystrophy: An inherited disorder and the most common type of muscular dystrophy.

– Myasthenia gravis: It is an autoimmune disease that shows itself with muscle weakness and fatigue and can even affect the eyes and lead to vision problems or even drooping eyelids.

– Down Syndrome:

A common congenital genetic disorder, also known as trisomy 21, is associated with serious problems such as mental retardation, heart disorders, etc.

– Prader-Willi syndrome: A relatively rare genetic disorder that, in addition to hypotension, causes other symptoms such as short stature, learning disabilities, overeating and obesity, small genitals, infertility, etc. in patients.

– Marfan syndrome: A mutation in one of the genes on chromosome 15 is the cause of this genetic and congenital disorder, which is characterized by features such as long bones, hypotonic muscles, and connective tissue disorders, especially in the heart and arteries.

– Tay-Sachs disease: A rare genetic and congenital disorder that is prevalent in certain races, such as Ashkenazi Jews. Seizures, mental retardation, vision, and hearing problems are some of the problems that are seen in patients with this disease along with hypotension of the muscles.

– Charcot Marie tooth disease is one of the most common neuromuscular genetic disorders.

Congenital hypothyroidism and…

Of course, there is a type of hypotension that is known as benign congenital hypotension. And is seen in those babies who are born prematurely and before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Because when babies are born too early, their bodies do not have enough time to grow properly and therefore may be weak muscularly. This problem, which is also the most common type of hypotension, fortunately, resolves spontaneously over weeks and months. And you just have to make sure that all the important stages of motor development go through properly.

Diagnosis of hypotension or muscle weakness in infants and children

Because many illnesses can cause hypotension, it may take some time to accurately diagnose the cause of your beloved’s problem and will usually include:

  • Review of medical and family history,
  • A history of problems and diseases during pregnancy and childbirth,
  • Control and evaluation of motor skills, sensory skills, balance, coordination of different parts of the body, mental state and reflexes of the child,
  • CT scan and MRI of the brain,
  • blood test,
  • Electromyography (EMG) or the same nerve and muscle tape to measure the function of nerves and muscles,
  • Electroencephalogram (EEG) or electroencephalogram to measure electrical activity in the brain,
  • Muscle biopsy and examination of the sample taken under a microscope,
  • Genetic studies including karyotypes.

Which of the following tests is chosen for your child depends on his or her other signs and symptoms, as well as the physician’s discretion. And you should trust the medical team along the way.

Treatment of hypotension or muscle weakness in infants and children

Depending on the cause, hypotension can improve over time, remain constant, or worsen, which is why choosing the right treatment for this problem is so important. To determine the course of treatment for hypotension, there are many things to consider, including:

  • The age of the baby or child,
  • General health and medical history of the patient,
  • Hypotonic severity,
  • Accompanying signs and symptoms,

And most importantly, the underlying cause of this problem is the main issue for choosing treatment options. Because when a doctor diagnoses the cause of hypotension. He first treats or manages the disease so that the hypotension resolves. Of course, in cases such as genetic and congenital diseases, unfortunately. There is no effective treatment and hypotension will probably remain with your child for the rest of his life.

So what to do?

Although it is not possible to hope for a definitive cure for hypotension and its underlying cause in all cases. Fortunately, there are now many options available to strengthen muscles and improve coordination, including :

  • Occupational therapy: with the aim of acquiring motor skills and especially skills that are necessary for performing daily activities.
  • Physiotherapy: with the aim of coordinating and controlling more movements as well as improving muscle strength and tone over time.
  • Speech therapy: with the aim of helping to solve respiratory, speech, and even nutritional problems.
  • Sensory stimulation programs: Aimed at helping children to respond appropriately to observations of sight, sound, touch, smell, and taste.

In addition, during the treatment of hypotension or muscle weakness in infants and children. In some cases, it may be necessary to seek help from specialized equipment or even more serious measures such as surgery (to solve the problem of dislocation of the joints). And of course, in certain conditions, such as benign congenital hypotension, no treatment is probably needed.

Read Also: Curious child: How to strengthen your child’s curiosity

Hypotonic questions and answers

What is hypotension or muscle weakness in infants and children?

In hypotension, due to a lack of muscle tone, infants and children who suffer from this problem look like loose cloth dolls in the arms of others, as if they are slipping and slipping at any moment.

When is hypotension diagnosed?

Hypotension, also known as Floppy Syndrome, is usually diagnosed immediately after birth and in the first few minutes of life during medical examinations, and in some cases, it is possible that this problem is a little Show up later and around 6 months. Of course, hypotension can occur at any age and even in adulthood.

What are the signs and symptoms of hypotension or muscle weakness?

The most common symptoms associated with hypotension are: Decreased muscle tone, soft and pasty appearance of muscles, poor control or lack of proper control of neck muscles, resulting in an inability to control the head and fall forward, backward, Or to the sides, difficulty sucking, chewing and swallowing due to decreased muscle tone, abnormal joint flexibility,

What causes hypotension or muscle weakness in infants and children?

Cerebral palsy – Bleeding in the brain – Brain damage due to lack of oxygen just before or after birth – Problems with the formation of the brain in the uterus. Meningitis. Encephalitis

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